A common yet a majorly overlooked dental problem is sensitive teeth. Sensitive teeth can cause a whole lot of issues and is usually a sign of greater problems with the tooth as well as an indication of poor oral health. Sensitive teeth can result in a lot of discomfort and pain, and increased susceptibility to temperature changes while consumption of food items. It also results in discomfort while consuming food containing spices. We take a look at what actually causes sensitive teeth as well as remedial measures for its treatment as well as its prevention.
The biggest reason for the pain due to sensitive teeth is the fact that the dentine, which is the soft layer below the hard enamel of the tooth, getting exposed due to the erosion of the enamel. The enamel starts to recede at the gum line first, exposing the tube like structures of the dentine which are further connected to nerve ending. These tube like structures, when irritated, cause the sensation of pain. The erosion of the enamel occurs due to the acids which attack the outer layer of the tooth, as well as due to receding gum line. Gum disease as well as tooth grinding can also be major factors along with cracked gums. Applying excess force while brushing your teeth can also lead to sensitive teeth, as it causes irreparable damage to the enamel of the tooth as well as speeds up the process of the recession of the gum line, exposing the root of the tooth.
Agents that help to prevent irritation caused due to sensitive teeth are known as desensitising agents. These agents work by blocking and sealing the dental tube like structures and protect them from external substances, thereby preventing irritation along with pain and discomfort. Desensitising agents include toothpastes, mouthwashes as well as lotions and gels that can help to get relief against sensitive teeth.
Desensitising toothpastes are very effective in the treatment of sensitive teeth, and a lot of brands are available in the market for one to choose from in different price points. These toothpastes work best when massaged on the affected teeth using fingers as well as with a soft bristled toothpaste. These toothpastes can also be used for an indefinite period of time without health concerns, but make sure to ask your dentist as he or she would help you choose the correct toothpaste for your sensitive tooth. In addition, mouthwashes having high fluoride content can also be used to supplement the fluoride content in the teeth and making it more resistant to sensitivity.
Dentists can also help to deal with sensitive teeth by applying special gels or varnishes on the affected teeth for instant relief. In case these gels do not work, the dentist can also seal the tooth to cover the gum line and to protect the tooth from further damage. The team at Reimels’ dentistry treat a variety of tooth ailments, including sensitive teeth to ensure long lasting dental relief to their patients.